At Sunway Cancer Centre, we use a variety of tests and procedures to diagnose cancer. The types of tests depend on your age, the type and stage of your disease and the results of previous tests. Patients may need to undergo one or a series of tests (investigations) to determine the right treatment.
Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
A CT scan is a diagnostic imaging test used to create detailed images of internal organs, bones, soft tissue and blood vessels. The cross-sectional images generated during a CT scan can be reformatted in multiple planes, and can even generate three-dimensional images. CT scanning is often the best method for detecting many different cancers since the images allow your doctor to confirm the presence of a tumour and determine its size and location. It can monitor changes in tumour size and assess patient response to cancer therapy as well.
General x-ray uses low dose x-rays to produce pictures of the body's internal structures. X-rays are the oldest and most frequently used form of medical imaging. An x-ray may detect a tumour in an organ such as the lung, diagnose fractured bones, look for an injury or infection, and to locate foreign objects in soft tissue.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI Scan)
MRI is a non-invasive test that uses a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency and a computer to obtain cross-sectional images of organs, soft tissues, bones and virtually all other internal body structures. It is used to evaluate a variety of conditions, including tumour detection.
Digital mammography is a specific type of breast imaging that uses low-dose x-rays to detect cancer early — before women experience symptoms.
Ultrasound is a non-invasive method of obtaining images of organs and tissues using sound waves. It is also useful to provide imaging guidance during needle biopsies or to see and evaluate conditions related to blood flow.