Types of cancer


Leukaemia is a group of blood cancers that typically begin in the bone marrow, resulting in high numbers of abnormal blood cells. These blood cells, known as blasts or leukaemia cells, are not fully developed.
Lymphoma is a cancer that starts in cells originating from the body's immune system.
Multiple myeloma is a cancer that affects plasma cells in the bone marrow.
Myelodysplastic syndromes (also called myelodysplasia or MDS) are a rare form of blood cancer, where individuals do not have enough healthy blood cells.
Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPNs) are a group of rare blood cancers characterised by the excessive production of blood cells in the bone marrow.


Breast cancer is detected when cells grow abnormally in the breast.
Cervical cancer is a cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix. It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Childhood cancer refers to cancer that occurs in children from birth to 14 years old and in teenagers between the ages of 15 – 19 years old.
Colorectal cancer, or colon cancer, occurs in the large intestine (colon) or the rectum (end of the colon).
Liver cancer is the growth and spread of unhealthy cells in the liver.
Lung cancer happens when a malignant tumour forms in the tissue of one or both lungs.
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer where malignant cancer cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is the upper part of the pharynx (throat) behind the nose.
A neuroendocrine tumor (NET) is an uncommon cancer type that forms in neuroendocrine cells
Ovarian cancer refers to any cancerous growth that begins in the ovary. This is the part of the female body that produces eggs.
Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer cells, and with prostate cancer, the cells of the prostate gland start growing uncontrollably.
Sarcoma is a type of cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal (connective tissue) origin. It can occur in various locations in your body, including muscles, fat, blood vessels, nerves, and joints.