What is Ovarian Cancer?
Ovaries are the reproductive glands found in females. Ovarian cancer happens when a cancerous growth is found in the ovary.
According to the National Cancer Registry, ovarian cancer is a common cancer among women in Peninsular Malaysia, amounting to five percent of all female cancer cases.
Types of Ovarian Cancer
EPITHELIAL OVARIAN CANCER
It begins in the layer of cells that cover the ovary and the entire abdominal cavity. This is the most common ovarian cancer type, accounting up to 90 percent of all cases.
GERM CELL OVARIAN CANCER
Germ cell ovarian cancer begins in the egg-producing cells inside the ovaries. Those who are prone to have this type of ovarian cancer are usually women in their 20s and teenage girls.
SEX CORD-STROMAL OVARIAN CANCER
Sex cord-stromal ovarian cancer originates in the connective tissue of the ovaries, which also produces the female sex hormones. About 60 – 95 percent of ovarian sex cord-stromal cases are diagnosed at Stage I and can be treated by surgery alone.